Biden Administration Formally Offers to Restart Nuclear Talks With Iran
Washington – The US on Thursday took a major step toward restoring the Iran nuclear deal, which the Trump administration abandoned, offering to join European countries in what would be the first substantial diplomacy with Tehran in more than four years. Biden said.
In a series of moves intended to make good on one of President Biden’s most important campaign promises, the administration backed away from the Trump administration’s effort to reinstate UN sanctions on Iran. That effort split Washington from its European allies.
And at the same time, Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken told European foreign ministers in a call Thursday morning that the United States would join them in seeking to restore the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran, which he said was “a significant achievement of multilateral diplomacy.”
Hours later, Enrique Mora, the European Union’s deputy secretary-general for political affairs, appealed to the original signatories of the nuclear deal to salvage it from “an important moment”.
“Intense Conversations with All Participants and America,” Mr. Mora Said on Twitter. “I am ready to invite them to an informal meeting to discuss the way forward.”
But it was unclear whether Irani would agree. The first hurdle in restoring the deal may be the politically fragile dance that goes first. And the Biden administration has other goals, including expanding and deepening the agreement in an attempt to rein in Iran’s growing missile capability and the continued support of its terrorist groups and the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad.
Mr. Biden has stated that he is President Donald J. Will lift sanctions imposed by Trump only when Iran returns to the border of nuclear production that will be seen by 2019.
Under the original 2015 deal, Iran shipped 97 percent of its nuclear fuel out of the country and agreed to a sharper limit on new production, which would essentially assure that it would be able to produce enough material for a weapon. It will take a year or more. In return, the world powers had lifted international sanctions that had eroded the Iranian economy. But when he came into office, Mr. Trump unilaterally reinstated US sanctions, saying the deal was flawed.
Iran has stated that the United States was the first to violate the terms of the 2015 nuclear deal and would return to compliance only after the US reversed course and allowed it to sell oil and conduct banking operations around the world. A senior Biden administration official said on Thursday evening that closing the gap would be a “laborious” process.
The announcement will open up what is likely to be a fragile set of diplomatic offerings. A State Department official said the United States had no clue whether Iran would accept the proposal, and cautioned that the meeting was likely a first step in a long, arduous process toward restoring the nuclear deal. Was.
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The proposal comes before Sunday’s deadline when Iran has said it will prevent international inspectors from visiting undeclared nuclear facilities and will conduct an unannounced inspection of nuclear sites if the US does not withdraw the sanctions granted by the Trump administration.
Such inspections, mandated by the nuclear deal, are critical to the international community’s understanding of Iran’s progress toward an arms capability. The State Department official said that the offer to meet on Thursday was not specifically intended to prevent Iran from taking this step because the United States would not offer to discount an action that would involve taking Iran in the first place There is no basis.
Nor does the official resolution specify what the United States can bring to preliminary meetings with Iran and Europeans.
The one who moves first will be the first of many obstacles. And with the presidential election in Iran only for four months, it was unclear whether the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, and the country’s political and military leadership would fully support the re-engagement with the United States.
Another senior official of the Biden administration said that if other world powers, including China and Russia, were part, negotiations would take place. The question was left open as to whether the regional powers involved in the previous agreement – Saudi Arabia, Israel and the United Arab Emirates – would have any role.
The State Department said that Iran should fully comply with the agreement – as the Biden administration has emphasized – before the United States would meet the many US economic sanctions that Mr. Trump had crippled the Iranian economy in Tehran. Was pitted against
By then, and as a good intention, the Biden administration withdrew Last fall demand The UN Security Council implemented international sanctions against Iran for violations of the original 2015 agreement limiting its nuclear program.
Almost every other nation had Trump administration’s request rejected The United States could enforce so-called SNAP sanctions because it was no longer part of the agreement.
In addition, the Biden administration is removing travel restrictions on Iranian officials who want to enter the United States to attend UN meetings, said the official, who on condition of anonymity before announcing the action Had talked.
Iranian Foreign Minister, Mohammad Jawad Zarif, Said on twitter Tehran was waiting for American and European officials to “demand to end Trump’s legacy of #EconomicTerrorism against Iran”.
“We will follow the action w / the action,” Mr. Zarif tweeted.
Asked if the United States already had any initial diplomatic communication with Iran, the State Department official did not specifically respond, saying only that the administration consulted extensively on the subject Was.
European officials who were more than a year ago Formally accused Tehran of violating the agreement By compiling and enriching nuclear fuel beyond the limits of the agreement, it was largely left to be put together. The agreement will be reinstated after Mr Trump leaves office, with officials in Britain, France and Germany delaying implementing a dispute mechanism to punish Iran for continued violations ever since.