Thursday, May 6, 2021

Biden proposes spending $ 1.52 trillion for discretionary priorities

WASHINGTON – President Biden on Friday outlined a huge expansion of federal spending, calling for a 16 percent increase in domestic programs as he tried to reverse the government’s power, which officials said was the country’s most pressing Said a decade’s low assessment of issues.

The proposed $ 1.52 trillion in spending on discretionary programs will play a key role in education, health research and fighting climate change. It comes on top of Mr. Biden’s $ 1.9 trillion stimulus package and a separate plan to spend $ 2.3 trillion on the country’s infrastructure.

Mr. Biden’s first resolution reflects his belief in Congress that expansion, not shrinking, is critical to the federal government’s economic growth and prosperity. It will direct billions of dollars toward reducing disparities in housing and education, as well as ensure that every government agency puts climate change on its agenda.

It does not include so-called mandatory programs such as tax proposals, economic projections or social security, which will all be included in a formal budget document that the White House will issue this spring. And it does not reflect the expenditure called in. Mr. Biden’s Infrastructure Plan Or for other efforts they have yet to roll out, aimed at workers and families.

Plan President Donald J. Represents a sharp break with Trump’s policies, whose budget proposals prioritized military spending and border security, while calling for funding cuts in areas such as environmental protection.

As part of its major new spending initiative, the plan will provide an additional $ 20 billion to help schools that serve low-income children and provide more funding to students who have pursued higher education. Have experienced racial or economic barriers. It will create a multibillion-dollar program to research diseases such as cancer and add $ 14 billion to fight and adapt to the pitfalls of climate change.

It will also seek to uplift the economies of Central American countries, where heavy poverty, corruption and devastating storms have led to migration towards the southwestern border, and many more to address homelessness and housing affordability, including tribal lands Has taken the initiative. And it calls for a nearly 2 percent increase in spending on national defense.

All told, the proposal calls for a $ 118 billion increase in discretionary spending in the 2022 fiscal year, when compared with the base spending allocation this year. It attempts to capitalize on the end of a decade of cap on development spending, which lawmakers agreed to in 2010, but often disbanded in subsequent years.

Administration officials would not reveal on Friday whether this increase would lead to higher federal deficits in their upcoming budget proposal, but promised that the full budget would “meet the challenges faced in an overarching and financially responsible way.”

Congress should still approve the budget. In recent years, MPs rejected many Trump administration efforts to speed up domestic programs.

But Mr. Biden’s plan, while incomplete as a budget, could provide a blueprint for Democrats who control the House and Senate and Republicans are eager to reassure their spending priorities four years after the White House .

Democratic leaders in Congress on Friday praised the plan and suggested that they include it in the government spending bill for the 2022 fiscal year. The plan “proposes long-term investment and historic investment in jobs, worker training, schools, food security, infrastructure and housing,” Senator Patrick J., chairman of the regulatory committee. Lehmi said.

Republicans criticized the proposal as skeletal in detail, calling the federal government’s overriding expansion. He also said that the administration is not spending enough on defense to counter the growing threat from China.

A group of top Republicans, including minority leader Kentucky Senator Mitch McConnell, said, “While President Biden has prioritized spending here at home on liberal wishlist priorities, funding for America’s military has been neglected.”

Progressivists in the House complained the opposite: Mr. Biden was spending too much on the military.

Representative Mark Pocan, a Democrat representative from Wisconsin, said, “The $ 13 billion proposed increase in defense spending is too high to have already accelerated during times of relative peace.” “If the Pentagon’s budget is bigger than Donald Trump’s, we can’t make it better.”

Although the White House did not say how or whether it could pay for the increased spending, the plan calls for $ 1 billion in new funds for the Internal Revenue Service to enforce tax laws, including “higher incomes.” And increased oversight of corporate tax returns. ”This is clearly aimed at increasing tax receipts on tax avoidance by companies and the rich.

In a letter with the offer on Friday, Shalanda D. Young, Who served as Mr. Biden’s acting budget director, told congressional leaders that the discretionary spending process would be “an important opportunity to lay a strong foundation for the future and reverse the legacy of old disinvestment in critical realities.”

The administration is particularly focused on education spending, noting that as a way to help children escape poverty. Mr. Biden asked Congress to increase funding for high-poverty schools by $ 20 billion, which he calls President Lyndon B. Describes it as the biggest year-over-year growth of the Title I program since its inception under Johnson. The program provides funding for schools that have a high number of students from low-income families, who often provide remedial programs and support staff.

The plan also calls for billions of dollars in efforts to increase early childhood education, programs serving students with disabilities, and staff schools with nurses, counselors and mental health professionals – to help children overcome the epidemic. As described, but also a long priority for teachers’ unions.

Mr. Biden confirmed the financing of education in remarks to reporters at the White House. “The data suggests that it keeps a child from a home who is in a low-income home situation if they start school – not day care – but school between the ages of 3 and 4, there are huge There is evidence that they will compete all the way to high school and beyond, ”he said.

There is no point in plans to tie federal dollars to accountability measures for teachers and schools, as they often were under President Barack Obama.

The proposal reflects a growing sense of urgency in the Biden administration to prevent migration to the southwestern border, breaking from Mr. Trump’s border security policies. The Republic on Friday criticized Mr. Biden, including raising or funding border patrol funding to carry out Mr. Trump’s efforts to build a wall across the southern border with Mexico.

Instead, Mr. Biden proposed to invest $ 861 million in Central America, part of a four-year, $ 4 billion package that the administration has spent to improve the region’s economy and quality of life. Has committed to. Another $ 1.2 billion will go toward investing in border security technology, such as sensors to detect illegal crossings and devices to improve entry ports. It also included increased oversight of customs and border security and immigration and customs enforcement, including funds to investigate work force complaints related to white supremacy.

Funding for the Justice Department marks another change from the Trump era, focusing on Mr. Trump’s street crime and gang violence, rather than prioritizing civil rights issues and domestic terrorism.

Mr. Biden also used the spending outline to show how he would achieve His vision of being the head of every cabinet, Whether he was a military leader, diplomat, fiscal regulator or federal housing planner, he was accused of including climate change in his mission.

The purpose of this proposal is to include climate programs in agencies that are not usually seen at the forefront of dealing with global warming like the Departments of Agriculture and Labor. The money would be in addition to clean energy spending in Mr. Biden’s proposed infrastructure legislation, which would spend about $ 500 billion on programs such as increasing electric vehicle production and building climate-resilient roads and bridges.

The majority of the proposed increase will go to research and development of advanced low-carbon energy technology, funded through the Department of Energy’s network of national laboratories.

Funding at the Department of Energy will increase by $ 4.3 billion, or 10.2 percent, from last year’s level. It includes $ 1.7 billion for research and development of technologies such as new nuclear power plants or hydrogen fuel and $ 1.9 for a new clean-energy initiative to help make homes more energy-efficient and allow transmission lines. There are billions involved that can carry wind and solar power across the country. Mr. Biden has proposed spending more on those efforts in his infrastructure plan.

The Environmental Protection Agency, whose funding and staffing levels the Trump administration sought to cut, would receive a $ 2 billion increase under Mr. Biden’s plan.

Health funding is also preferred, with the Department of Health and Human Services, the federal government’s center of epidemic response – with a nearly 25 percent increase in discretionary funding – to $ 131.7 billion. This includes a $ 1.6 billion increase for the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, an agency public health experts viewed as neglected and neglected until the public health emergency.

Will go for about a billion dollars Strategic National StockpileThe country’s emergency medical reserve, for supply and restructuring efforts that began last year. About $ 7 billion will create an agency that researches diseases such as cancer and diabetes.

Reporting contributed by Coral Davenport, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Lisa Freedman, Brad Plummer, Christopher Flavell, Mark Walker, Dana Goldstein, Mark Walker, Noa Weiland, Margot Sanger-Katz, Lara Jake, Noam Scheiber, Katie Benner, and Emily Conner .

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