Sunday, May 9, 2021

Biden’s congressional address, annotated and fact-checked

No president has ever said those words from this podium, and it’s about time.

Biden was addressing House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the first and only woman to hold that position – twice – and Vice President Kamala Harris, the first woman to hold that position. Both were sitting behind him, the first time two women have sat behind a President for a joint address to Congress. (Much less two women from California.)

Of the nine Supreme Court justices, only Chief Justice John Roberts attended. Lots of Democrats would like to expand the size of the Supreme Court, although that’s not something Biden mentioned Wednesday night.

Members of the United States Congress and the Cabinet – and distinguished guests.

While the setting tonight is familiar, this gathering is very different – a reminder of the extraordinary times we are in.

Usually the chamber is packed. This year, just a fraction of the 535 representatives and senators attended due to Covid.

Throughout our history, Presidents have come to this chamber to speak to the Congress, to the nation, and to the world.

Presidents did not come in person for an annual message to Congress throughout history. The practice was abandoned for most of the 19th century, until Woodrow Wilson brought it back.

To declare war. To celebrate peace. To announce new plans and possibilities.

Tonight, I come to talk about crisis — and opportunity.

About rebuilding our nation — and revitalizing our democracy.

The crisis is Covid and the economic calamity it caused. The opportunity is using the recovery to remake the social fabric of the country by investing trillions of dollars in infrastructure and helping US families afford child care and college.

And winning the future for America.

As I stand here tonight — just one day shy of the 100th day of my administration.

100 days since I took the oath of office, lifted my hand off our family Bible, and inherited a nation in crisis.

The worst pandemic in a century.

The worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.

The worst attack on our democracy since the Civil War.

The Civil War was the ultimate attack on US democracy. States began seceding from the Union before President Abraham Lincoln could even be sworn in. The 2021 rebellion was put down. Lawmakers were hiding from rioters in the House chamber in January, and three months later Biden delivered his address there as President.

Now, after just 100 days, I can report to the nation: America is on the move again.

Turning peril into possibility. Crisis into opportunity. Setback into strength.

All new presidents — particularly those who have just taken over from the rival party — like to talk about how bad a situation they are inheriting. In Biden’s case, he’s got a point, given the mass death from Covid and the economic uncertainty caused by Covid restrictions, plus the fact that former President Donald Trump tried to undermine the results of his election.

But in America, we never stay down.

In America, we always get up.

And today, that’s what we’re doing: America is rising anew.

Choosing hope over fear. Truth over lies. Light over darkness.

After 100 Days of rescue and renewal, America is ready for takeoff.

We are working again. Dreaming again. Discovering again. Leading the world again.

We have shown each other and the world: There is no quit in America.

100 days ago, America’s house was on fire.

This is weighty stuff. Biden will not mention his predecessor by name, but he is not shy about reminding his audience about the vast difference between how he governs and how Trump governed — or about creating a clear line between his presidency and good things happening.

And thanks to the extraordinary leadership of Speaker Pelosi and Majority Leader Schumer – and with the overwhelming support of the American people – Democrats, independents, and Republicans – we did act.

Together – we passed the American Rescue Plan.

One of the most consequential rescue packages in American history.

Biden said Republicans and independents supported the relief bill, but in Congress, it was actually Democrats, along with two independents in the Senate, who passed the Covid relief bill. They had to bend Senate rules to get around a GOP filibuster to do it. This was Biden not spiking the football.

We’re already seeing the results.

After I promised 100 million Covid-19 vaccine shots in 100 days – we will have provided over 220 million Covid shots in 100 days.

We’re marshalling every federal resource. We’ve gotten the vaccine to nearly 40,000 pharmacies and over 700 community health centers.

You can quibble over whether the US was already on track to reach this Covid vaccine goal. It almost doesn’t matter. The achievement of the vaccine program, started under Trump and fine-tuned under Biden, is miraculous and the US is ahead of its peers. Track vaccinations in your state here.

We’re setting up community vaccination sites, and are deploying mobile units into hard-to-reach areas.

Today, 90% of Americans now live within 5 miles of a vaccination site.

Everyone over the age of 16, everyone – is now eligible and can get vaccinated right away.

When I was sworn in, less than 1% of seniors were fully vaccinated against Covid-19.

100 days later, nearly 70% of seniors are fully protected.

While the numbers on vaccinated seniors that Biden cites are largely true and his administration has made great strides in vaccinating Americans, he has benefited from timing. When he took office in January, vaccines had only just been made available and some seniors were only newly eligible.

Read more

Senior deaths from Covid-19 are down 80% since January. Down 80%.

And, more than half of all adults in America have gotten at least one shot.

At a mass vaccination center in Glendale, Arizona, I asked a nurse what it’s like.

She looked and said every shot feels like a dose of hope.

A dose of hope for the educator in Florida who has a child who suffers from an auto-immune disease.

She wrote to me that she was worried about bringing the virus home.

When she got vaccinated, she sat in her car and just cried.

Cried out of joy, cried out of relief.

Parents are seeing smiles on their kids’ faces as they go back to school because teachers and school bus drivers, cafeteria workers have been vaccinated.

Grandparents hugging their children and grandchildren instead of pressing their hands against a window to say goodbye.

It means everything to both of them.

Casting vaccines as a way to get everyone back to normal is a key tactic Biden will employ to pressure people to get the shot.

There’s still more work to do to beat this virus. We can’t let our guard down now.

But tonight, I can say because of you — the American people – our progress these past 100 days against one of the worst pandemics in history is one of the greatest logistical achievements our country has ever seen.

What else have we done these first 100 days?

We kept our commitment and we are sending $1,400 rescue checks to 85% of all American households.

We’ve already sent more than 160 million checks out the door.

Some have questioned whether the third round of checks was necessary, but Democrats pushed them since they were the fastest way to get relief money out to people in need.

It’s making a difference.

For many people, it’s making all the difference in the world.

A single mom in Texas wrote to me.

She said when she couldn’t work, this relief check put food on the table and saved her and her son from eviction.

A grandmother in Virginia told me she immediately took her granddaughter to the eye doctor — something she put off for months because she didn’t have the money.

One of the defining images of this crisis has been cars lined up for miles waiting for a box of food to be put in the trunk.

Did you ever think you’d see that in America?

The picture of hardship Biden painted here was somewhat at odds with the “America is on the move” message earlier in the speech. Dealing with the effects of inequality in the US is going to be a key issue for him — but he’s also asking multimillionaires and billionaires not to look away from the reality faced by so many.

That’s why the American Rescue Plan is delivering food and nutrition assistance to millions of Americans facing hunger – and hunger is down sharply already.

It’s true that hunger dropped during March, by at least one measure, though it’s more likely due to the rescue package’s $1,400 stimulus checks than to its nutrition assistance measures.

Read more

Rental assistance to keep people from being evicted from their homes. Providing loans to keep small businesses open and their employees on the job.

During these 100 days, an additional 800,000 Americans enrolled in the Affordable Care Act because I established a special sign up period to do that.

The Supreme Court, now more conservative, still hasn’t ruled on a Republican-led challenge that could upend the law. But at least in Congress, it seems like we’ve finally reached the place where few people are talking about repealing the Affordable Care Act.

We’re making one of the largest one-time investments ever in improving health care for veterans.

Critical investments to address the opioid crisis.

And, maybe most importantly, thanks to the American Rescue Plan, we are on track to cut child poverty in America in half this year.

This effort – new cash payments through the tax code to many families – could indeed put a massive dent in child poverty. It was passed only on a one-year basis, however. Look for a fight over whether to continue it.

In the process, the economy created more than 1.3 million new jobs in 100 days.

More new jobs in the first 100 days than any president on record.

The International Monetary Fund is now estimating our economy will grow at a rate of more than 6% this year.

That’s true, but the entire world economy is expected to grow, and one reason for that is the rebound from Covid and not simply the relief bill.

That will be the fastest pace of economic growth in this country in nearly four decades.

America is moving. Moving forward. And we can’t stop now.

We’re in a competition with China and other countries to win the 21st century.

We have to do more than just build back. We have to build back better.

It’s notable that Biden has not reversed Trump’s tariffs on China. Here’s what’s going on there. He also plugs his campaign slogan here — “Build Back Better.”

Throughout our history, public investments and infrastructure have transformed America.

The transcontinental railroad and interstate highways united two oceans and brought us into a totally new age of progress.

Universal public school and college aid opened wide the doors of opportunity.

The railroad system was created on Lincoln’s watch. The highways have Eisenhower’s name on them. The GI bill transformed the country after World War II. Biden wants to be remembered for this kind of big thinking.

Scientific breakthroughs took us to the Moon and now to Mars, discovered vaccines, and gave us the Internet and so much more.

These are the investments we make together, as one country, and that only government can make.

Time and again, they propel us into the future.

That’s why I proposed The American Jobs Plan — a once-in-a-generation investment in America itself.

The largest jobs plan since World War II.

The “American Jobs Plan” is Biden’s infrastructure proposal. Here’s what’s in it.

It creates jobs to upgrade our transportation infrastructure. Jobs modernizing roads, bridges and highways. Jobs building ports and airports, rail corridors and transit lines. It’s clean water.

Today, up to 10 million homes and more than 400,000 schools and child care centers have pipes with lead in them, including for drinking water.

A clear and present danger to our children’s health.

The American Jobs Plan creates jobs replacing 100% of the nation’s lead pipes and service lines so every American, so every child – can turn on the faucet and be certain to drink clean water.

It creates jobs connecting every American with high-speed internet, including 35% of rural Americans who still don’t have it.

This will help our kids and businesses succeed in a 21st Century economy.

And I am asking the Vice President to help lead this effort.

Harris just got a big new job, along with her task of dealing with the migration crisis. Read more about her growing role in the administration.

It creates jobs by building a modern power grid.

Our grids are vulnerable to storms, hacks, and catastrophic failures – with tragic results as we saw in Texas and elsewhere during winter storms.

The American Jobs Plan will create jobs to lay thousands of miles of transmission lines needed to build a resilient and fully clean grid.

It’s easy not to think about the electrical grid until you don’t have electricity.

The American Jobs Plan will help millions of people get back to their jobs and their careers.

2 million women have dropped out of the workforce during this pandemic, too often because they couldn’t get the care they need for their family, their children.

Biden is actually understating the number of women who left the labor force during the pandemic.

Read more

800,000 families are on a Medicaid waiting list right now to get homecare for their aging parent or loved one with a disability.

This plan will help these families and create jobs for our caregivers with better wages and better benefits.

For too long, we have failed to use the most important word when it comes to meeting the climate crisis.

For me, when I think about climate change, I think jobs.

Some people think “existential crisis.” But it’s obvious that existential crisis has not convinced Republican senators or Americans worried about paying their bills that anything should be done on climate change. A jobs message could be more compelling.

The American Jobs Plan will put engineers and construction workers to work building more energy efficient buildings and homes.

Electrical workers installing 500,000 charging stations along our highways.

Farmers planting cover crops, so they can reduce carbon dioxide in the air and get paid for doing it.

There’s no reason the blades for wind turbines can’t be built in Pittsburgh instead of Beijing.

No reason why American workers can’t lead the world in the production of electric vehicles and batteries.

The American Jobs Plan will create millions of good paying jobsjobs Americans can raise their families on.

And all the investments in the American Jobs Plan will be guided by one principle: “Buy American.”

American tax dollars are going to be used to buy American products made in America that create American jobs.

Jobs, jobs, jobs. That’s Biden’s word of the night. He also takes a page from Trump’s “Buy American” effort.

Now – I know some of you at home are wondering whether these jobs are for you.

You feel left behind and forgotten in an economy that’s rapidly changing.

These words are could be directly focused at Rust Belt and coal country Americans skeptical of a plan that is focused on addressing climate change rather than saving existing industries. These Americans, broadly, have switched from voting for Democrats to voting for Republicans over the past generation.

Let me speak directly to you.

Independent experts estimate the American Jobs Plan will add millions of jobs and trillions of dollars in economic growth for years to come.

It’s true that some experts say the plan could create millions of jobs, but analysts differ on how much economic growth it could spur.

Read more

These are good-paying jobs that can’t be outsourced.

Nearly 90% of the infrastructure jobs created in the American Jobs Plan do not require a college degree.

75% do not require an associate’s degree.

While it’s impossible to fact-check the impact of a plan that hasn’t even passed Congress, a forecast from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce supports these figures, depending on how “college degree” is defined. The study estimates that 85% of the jobs from the infrastructure plan would be filled by those without bachelor’s degrees, while 75% would be filled by those without associate’s degrees, according to the estimate.

Read more

The American Jobs Plan is a blue-collar blueprint to build America.

And, it recognizes something I’ve always said.

Wall Street didn’t build this country. The middle class built this country. And unions build the middle class.

Again and again, Biden appeals to blue-collar America, casting himself as the friend of the common person rather than of the elite. In that way, his arguments are not unlike Trump’s populism, and it’s no accident. There’s going to be a midterm election sooner than you think.

This passage also fits with the anti-Wall Street message of Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren and the pro-union platform of the Democratic Party.

And that’s why I’m calling on Congress to pass the Protecting the Right to Organize Act – the PRO Act — and send it to my desk to support the right to unionize.

By the way – let’s also pass the $15 minimum wage.

No one should work 40 hours a week and still live below the poverty line.

And we need to ensure greater equity and opportunity for women.

Let’s get the Paycheck Fairness Act to my desk for equal pay.

Finally, the American Jobs Plan will be the biggest increase in non-defense research and development on record.

We will see more technological change in the next 10 years – than we saw in the last 50 years.

And we’re falling behind in that competition.

Decades ago we used to invest 2% of our GDP on research and development.

Today, we spend less than 1%.

China and other countries are closing in fast.

We have to develop and dominate the products and technologies of the future: advanced batteries, biotechnology, computer chips, and clean energy.

The Defense Department has an agency called DARPA – the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency – that’s there to develop breakthroughs to enhance our national security – which led to the internet and GPS and so much more.

The National Institutes of Health, the NIH – should create a similar Advanced Research Projects Agency for health.

One of Biden’s frustrations with China is its degree of government involvement in research. The US government is already a driver of scientific research, and the President seems to want to turbocharge that.

To develop breakthroughs – to prevent, detect, and treat diseases like Alzheimer’s, diabetes, and cancer.

This is personal to so many of us.

I can think of no more worthy investment. And I know of nothing that is more bipartisan.

Let’s end cancer as we know it. It’s within our power.

This is a very personal issue for Biden, whose son Beau died of cancer. In fact, Biden was given the role of leading a task force to cure cancer – by then-President Barack Obama at the 2016 State of the Union address.

Investments in jobs and infrastructure like the ones we’re talking about have often had bipartisan support.

Vice President Harris and I meet regularly in the Oval Office with Democrats and Republicans to discuss the American Jobs Plan.

And I applaud a group of Republican senators who just put forward their proposal.

Their proposal is much smaller and less ambitious than Biden’s. (Read it here.) But he may yet need a few or maybe even all of their votes to get anything done. It’s clear he’s trying not to alienate anyone in this speech.

But, the rest of the world isn’t waiting for us. Doing nothing is not an option.

We can’t be so busy competing with each other that we forget the competition is with the rest of the world to win the 21st century.

This is a more nationalist speech than some might have expected. He’s calling for Americans to unify in order to compete against China — hitting the same concerns Trump focused on in the early part of his presidency, but offering a totally different response from his predecessor’s strong-arming and grievances.

To win that competition for the future, we also need to make a once-in-a-generation investment in our families – in our children.

That’s why I’m introducing the American Families Plan tonight, which addresses four of the biggest challenges facing American families today.

American Rescue Plan, American Jobs Plan, American Families Plan — these are all massive proposals totaling almost $6 trillion and they’d remake the country and the social fabric. Read here for what the families plan would offer.

First, access to a good education.

When this nation made 12 years of public education universal in the last century, it made us the best-educated and best-prepared nation in the world.

But the world is catching up. They are not waiting.

12 years is no longer enough today to compete in the 21st century.

That’s why the American Families Plan guarantees four additional years of public education for every person in America – starting as early as we can.

We add two years of universal high-quality pre-school for every 3- and 4- year-old in America.

The research shows that when a young child goes to school—not day care—they are far more likely to graduate from high school and go on to college.

And then we add two years of free community college.

And we will increase Pell Grants and investment in Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Tribal colleges, and minority-serving institutions.

Jill is a community college professor who teaches today as First Lady.

She has long said any country that out-educates us is going to outcompete us – and she’ll be leading this effort.

A fitting task for the first lady, who has dedicated her career to teaching in community colleges.

Second, the American Families plan will provide access to quality, affordable child care.

We guarantee that low- to middle-income families will pay no more than 7% of their income for high-quality care for children up to the age of 5.

This would be a transformational benefit for Americans who struggle to find child care so they can work. It would also be expensive.

The most hard-pressed working families won’t have to spend a dime.

Third, the American Families Plan will finally provide up to 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave.

No one should have to choose between a job and paycheck or taking care of themselves and a loved one – a parent, spouse, or child.

A temporary version of this was included in a Covid relief bill pushed by Democrats and signed into law by Trump in 2020. Biden wants to make it permanent.

And fourth, the American Families Plan puts money directly into the pockets of millions of families.

In March we expanded a tax credit for every child in a family.

Up to a $3,000 Child Tax Credit for children over 6 — and $3,600 for children under 6.

With two parents, two kids, that’s up to $7,200 in your pocket to help take care of your family.

This will help more than 65 million children and help cut child poverty in half this year.

While it’s impossible to fact check a projection, it’s true that at least two independent estimates found that the package’s key measures are expected to reduce the share of children in poverty by more than half. But there’s one big catch. The benefits are all temporary – a mix of one-time infusions and assistance that last no longer than a year. (Biden is seeking to extend or make permanent several of these key relief provisions as part of the $1.8 trillion American Families Plan that he proposed in his address on Wednesday.)

Read more

Together, let’s extend the Child Tax Credit at least through the end of 2025.

Biden is calling only for a four-year extension of the plan that will help bring American kids out of poverty, rather than a permanent new benefit. (2025 is also the year after the next presidential election.) Here’s what to know about the temporary credit, which will put cash in parents’ pockets.

The American Rescue Plan lowered health care premiums for 9 million Americans who buy their coverage under the Affordable Care Act.

Let’s make that provision permanent so their premiums don’t go back up.

In addition to my Families Plan, I will work with Congress to address –

this year – other critical priorities for America’s families.

The Affordable Care Act has been a lifeline for millions of Americans – protecting people with pre-existing conditions, protecting women’s health.

And the pandemic has demonstrated how badly it is needed.

Let’s lower deductibles for working families on the Affordable Care Act, and let’s lower prescription drug costs.

We all know how outrageously expensive they are.

In fact, we pay the highest prescription drug prices in the world right here in America – nearly three times as much as other countries.

Every president for a generation has tried to lower prescription drug costs.

Let’s do what we’ve always talked about.

Let’s give Medicare the power to save hundreds of billions of dollars by negotiating lower prices for prescription drugs.

Just how much allowing Medicare to negotiate would actually lower drug prices has long been contested. It would depend on how the program is set up.

Read more

That won’t just help people on Medicare – it will lower prescription drug costs for everyone.

The money we save can go to strengthen the Affordable Care Act – expand Medicare coverage and benefits – without costing taxpayers one additional penny.

We’ve talked about it long enough – Democrats and Republicans.

Let’s get it done this year.

This is all about a simple premise: Health care should be a right, not a privilege in America.

So how do we pay for my Jobs and Family Plans?

Everyone likes to give things to voters. No one likes to raise taxes. The key to Biden’s plan is that he wants to make the wealthy pay. (Side note: The relief bill reduced the average tax bill for Americans making less than $75,000 to zero this year. Read about it here.)

I’ve made clear that we can do it without increasing deficits.

Let’s start with what I will not do.

I will not impose any tax increases on people making less than $400,000 a year.

It’s time for corporate America and the wealthiest 1% of Americans to pay their fair share.

Just pay their fair share.

Even some corporations have bought into raising the corporate tax rate, just a few years after Trump and a then-Republican majority in Congress slashed it. Here are the broad outlines of Biden’s plan.

A recent study shows that 55 of the nation’s biggest corporations paid zero in federal income tax last year.

No federal taxes on more than $40 billion in profits.

A lot of companies evade taxes through tax havens from Switzerland to Bermuda to the Cayman Islands.

And they benefit from tax loopholes and deductions that allow for offshoring jobs and shifting profits overseas.

We’re going to reform corporate taxes so they pay their fair share – and help pay for the public investments their businesses will benefit from.

And, we’re going to reward work, not wealth.

We take the top tax bracket for the wealthiest 1% of Americans – those making $400,000 or more – back up to 39.6%.

That’s where it was when George W. Bush became president.

This is smart politics from Biden. Raising taxes is not popular. Raising taxes on corporations and the wealthy is going to be more popular than across the board, and restoring taxes to where they were under the last fiscal conservative Republican president might sound bearable to Republicans.

We’re going to get rid of the loopholes that allow Americans who make more than $1 million a year pay a lower rate on their capital gains than working Americans pay on their work.

This will only affect three tenths of 1% of all Americans.

And the IRS will crack down on millionaires and billionaires who cheat on their taxes.

That’s estimated to be billions of dollars.

Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren didn’t wind up in Biden’s administration but her messaging did.

Look, I’m not out to punish anyone.

But I will not add to the tax burden of the middle class of this country.

They’re already paying enough.

What I’ve proposed is fair. It’s fiscally responsible.

It raises the revenue to pay for the plans I’ve proposed that will create millions of jobs and grow the economy.

When you hear someone say that they don’t want to raise taxes on the wealthiest 1% and on corporate America – ask them: whose taxes are you going to raise instead, and whose are you going to cut?

Look at the big tax cut in 2017.

It was supposed to pay for itself and generate vast economic growth.

Instead it added $2 trillion to the deficit.

It was a huge windfall for corporate America and those at the very top.

Instead of using the tax savings to raise wages and invest in research and development – it poured billions of dollars into the pockets of CEOs.

In fact, the pay gap between CEOs and their workers is now among the largest in history.

According to one study, CEOs make 320 times what their average workers make.

The pandemic has only made things worse.

20 million Americans lost their jobs in the pandemic – working- and middle-class Americans.

At the same time, the roughly 650 Billionaires in America saw their net worth increase by more than $1 Trillion.

Just 650 people increased their wealth by more than $1 trillion during this pandemic.

They are now worth more than $4 Trillion.

My fellow Americans, trickle-down economics has never worked.

It’s time to grow the economy from the bottom up and middle-out.

You hear that, Reagan Republicans? Trickle-down economics — the idea that letting the wealthy and corporations have low taxes and few regulations will unleash so much growth that everyone will benefit — may be on the ropes as inequality grows.

A broad consensus of economists – left, right, center – agree that what I’m proposing will help create millions of jobs and generate historic economic growth.

These are among the highest value investments we can make as a nation.

I’ve often said that our greatest strength is the power of our example – not just the example of our power.

And in my conversations with world leaders – many I’ve known for a long time – the comment I hear most often is: we see that America is back – but for how long?

My fellow Americans, we have to show not just that we are back, but that we are here to stay.

And that we aren’t going it alone – we’re going to be leading with our allies.

Putting the US back on the world stage as a leader and member of international agreements is a major departure from the Trump years.

No one nation can deal with all the crises of our time alone – from terrorism to nuclear proliferation to mass migration, cybersecurity, climate change – and as we’re experiencing now, pandemics.

There’s no wall high enough to keep any virus away.

As our own vaccine supply grows to meet our needs – and we are meeting them – we will become an arsenal of vaccines for other countries – just as America was the arsenal of democracy in World War 2.

There has been an intense internal debate over vaccine sharing in the Biden administration.

The climate crisis is not our fight alone, either.

The United States accounts for less than 15% of carbon emissions.

The rest of the world accounts for 85%.

That’s why – I kept my commitment to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement on my first day in office.

And I kept my commitment to convene a climate summit right here in America, with all of the major economies of the world – from China and Russia to India and the European Union in my first 100 days.

Read more here about that climate summit, conducted largely via livestream. Biden said the US will aim to reduce carbon emissions by 52% by 2030. The key will be follow-through and accountability for the other countries that took part.

I wanted the world to see that there is consensus that we are at an inflection point in history.

And the consensus is if we act, we can save the planet – and we can create millions of jobs and economic growth and opportunity to raise the standard of living for everyone in the world.

The investments I’ve proposed tonight also advance a foreign policy that benefits the middle class.

That means making sure every nation plays by the same rules in the global economy, including China.

In my discussion with President Xi, I told him that we welcome the competition – and that we are not looking for conflict.

But I made absolutely clear that I will defend American interests across the board.

America will stand up to unfair trade practices that undercut American workers and industries, like subsidies for state-owned enterprises and the theft of American technologies and intellectual property.

I also told President Xi that we will maintain a strong military presence in the Indo-Pacific just as we do with NATO in Europe – not to start conflict – but to prevent conflict.

And, I told him what I’ve said to many world leaders – that America won’t back away from our commitment to human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Standing up to China, militarily and philosophically; competing with China, economically and strategically; and uniting Americans against China is a main theme of this speech.

No responsible American president can remain silent when basic human rights are violated. A president has to represent the essence of our country.

America is an idea – unique in the world.

We are all created equal. It’s who we are. We cannot walk away from that principle.

With regard to Russia, I made very clear to President Putin that while we don’t seek escalation, their actions have consequences.

I responded in a direct and proportionate way to Russia’s interference in our elections and cyber attacks on our government and businesses – and they did both of those things and I did respond.

Biden imposed sweeping new sanctions on Russia and expelled 10 diplomats.

But we can also cooperate when it’s in our mutual interests.

As we did when we extended the New START Treaty on nuclear arms – and as we’re working to do on the climate crisis.

On Iran and North Korea’s nuclear programs that present a serious threat to America’s security and world security – we will be working closely with our allies to address the threats posed by both of these countries through diplomacy and stern deterrence.

And American leadership means ending the forever war in Afghanistan.

We have the greatest fighting force in the history of the world.

And I’m the first President in 40 years who knows what it means to have had a child serving in a warzone.

Today we have service members serving in the same war as their parents once did.

We have service members in Afghanistan who were not yet born on 9/11.

War in Afghanistan was never meant to be a multi-generational undertaking of nation-building.

We went to Afghanistan to get the terrorists who attacked us on 9/11.

We delivered justice to Osama Bin Laden and we degraded the terrorist threat of al Qaeda in Afghanistan.

After 20 years of American valor and sacrifice, it’s time to bring our troops home.

There aren’t many US troops left in Afghanistan, but Biden’s decision to bring them home by September 11, 2021, was made over objections in the Pentagon and to criticism from some Democrats and many Republicans. (Though Trump did the hard part by setting a May deadline for bringing troops home.)

Even as we do, we will maintain an over-the-horizon capability to suppress future threats to the homeland.

But make no mistake – the terrorist threat has evolved beyond Afghanistan since 2001 and we will remain vigilant against threats to the United States, wherever they come from.

Al Qaeda and ISIS are in Yemen, Syria, Somalia, and other places in Africa and the Middle East and beyond.

And, we won’t ignore what our own intelligence agencies have determined – the most lethal terrorist threat to the homeland today is from white supremacist terrorism.

Saying that Islamist terrorism is less of a threat than White supremacist terrorism isn’t news, but it’s a shift in the way Americans have thought about terror.

And my fellow Americans, we must come together to heal the soul of this nation.

It was nearly a year ago before her father’s funeral, when I spoke with Gianna Floyd, George Floyd’s young daughter.

As I knelt down to talk to her so we could talk eye-to-eye, she said to me, “Daddy changed the world.”

After the conviction of George Floyd’s murderer, we can see how right she was – if we have the courage to act.

We have all seen the knee of injustice on the neck of Black America.

Now is our opportunity to make real progress.

This section is about police reform, but what Biden calls for here — healing the soul of the country — is larger than that.

Most men and women in uniform wear their badge and serve their communities honorably.

I know them. I know they want to help meet this moment as well.

My fellow Americans, we have to come together.

To rebuild trust between law enforcement and the people they serve.

To root out systemic racism in our criminal justice system.

And to enact police reform in George Floyd’s name that passed the House already.

I know the Republicans have their own ideas and are engaged in productive discussions with Democrats.

We need to work together to find a consensus.

Race and compromise over a national policing standard was a major portion of South Carolina Sen. Tim Scott’s Republican rebuttal. He complained that Democrats are unwilling to work in good faith on compromise. Democrats have complained that Republicans are uninterested in meaningful reform. One sticking point is “qualified immunity” – whether police officers can be held individually liable for their actions.

Let’s get it done next month, by the first anniversary of George Floyd’s death.

The country supports this reform.

We have a giant opportunity to bend to the arc of the moral universe toward justice.

And with the plans I outlined tonight, we have a real chance to root out systemic racism that plagues American life in many other ways.

A chance to deliver real equity.

Battling child poverty with the child tax credit and ensuring college are also viewed by Biden and many other Democrats as vehicles for addressing racial injustice.

Good jobs and good schools. Affordable housing. Clean air and clean water.

Being able to generate wealth and pass it down through generations.

Real opportunities in the lives of more Americans – Black, white, Latino, Asian American, Native American.

I also want to thank the Senate for voting 94-1 to pass the Covid-19 Hate Crimes Act to protect Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders from the vicious hate crimes we’ve seen this past year – and for too long.

I urge the House to do the same and send that legislation to my desk as soon as possible.

I also hope Congress can get to my desk the Equality Act to protect the rights of LGBTQ Americans.

To all the transgender Americans watching at home – especially the young people who are so brave – I want you to know that your president has your back.

Let’s reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which has been law in this country for 27 years since I first wrote it.

It will close the so-called “boyfriend” loophole to keep guns out of the hands of abusers.

It’s estimated that more than 50 women are shot and killed by an intimate partner – every month in America.

And I need not tell anyone this, but gun violence is an epidemic in America.

Our flag at the White House was still flying at half-staff for the 8 victims of the mass shooting in Georgia, when 10 more lives were taken in a mass shooting in Colorado.

In the week between those mass shootings, more than 250 other Americans were shot dead.

I know how hard it is to make progress on this issue.

Biden has made clear he thinks the House and the Senate should work on his infrastructure package before they tackle gun control proposals. Neither proposal currently has support from Senate Republicans.

In the 1990s, we passed universal background checks and a ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines that hold 100 rounds that can be fired in seconds.

We beat the NRA. Mass shootings and gun violence declined.

But in the early 2000’s, that law expired and we’ve seen the daily bloodshed since.

More than two weeks ago in the Rose Garden, surrounded by some of the bravest people I know – the survivors and families who lost loved ones to gun violence – I laid out several steps the Department of Justice is taking to end this epidemic.

One of them is banning so-called “ghost guns.”

They are homemade guns built from a kit that includes the directions on how to finish the firearm.

The parts have no serial numbers, so when they show up at a crime scene, they can’t be traced.

The buyers of ghost gun kits aren’t required to pass a background check.

Anyone from a criminal to a terrorist could buy this kit and, in as little as 30 minutes, put together a lethal weapon.

I will do everything in my power to protect the American people from this epidemic of gun violence.

But it’s time for Congress to act as well.

We need more Senate Republicans to join with the overwhelming majority of their Democratic colleagues, and close loopholes and require background checks to purchase a gun.

And we need a ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines again.

Don’t tell me it can’t be done. We’ve done it before … and it worked.

Talk to most responsible gun owners, most hunters – they’ll tell you there’s no possible justification for having 100 rounds – 100 bullets – in a weapon.

They will tell you that there are too many people today who are able to buy a gun, but who shouldn’t be able to.

These kinds of reasonable reforms have the overwhelming support of the American people – including many gun owners.

The country supports reform, and the Congress should act.

This shouldn’t be a Red vs. Blue issue. It’s an American issue.

Biden has not mentioned the filibuster in this speech, but nearly everything he has suggested in this address could be killed by a minority of Republican senators. It will take 10 Republicans to pass any big or controversial bills. Republicans have so far been united against him. Here’s more on that.

And here’s what else we can do.

Immigration has always been essential to America.

Let’s end our exhausting war over immigration.

For more than 30 years, politicians have talked about immigration reform and done nothing about it.

On day one of my Presidency, I kept my commitment and I sent a comprehensive immigration bill to Congress.

If you believe we need a secure border – pass it.

If you believe in a pathway to citizenship – pass it.

If you actually want to solve the problem – I have sent you a bill, now pass it.

Biden is facing an acute crisis on the border right now, which he’s going to have to deal with whether or not he gets legislation. See these charts.

We also have to get at the root of the problem of why people are fleeing to our southern border from Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador.

The violence. The corruption. The gangs. The political instability. Hunger. Hurricanes. Earthquakes.

When I was Vice President, I focused on providing the help needed to address these root causes of migration.

Biden didn’t specify the program, but it’s true that the Obama administration set up a program to provide safer pathways to the United States that was later terminated by Trump.

Read more

It helped keep people in their own countries instead of being forced to leave.

But the last administration shut it down.

I’m restoring the program and asked Vice President Harris to lead our diplomatic efforts.

I have absolute confidence she will get the job done.

Now, if Congress won’t pass my plan – let’s at least pass what we agree on.

Congress needs to pass legislation this year to finally secure protection for the Dreamers – the young people who have only known America as their home.

And, permanent protections for immigrants on temporary protected status who come from countries beset by man-made and natural made violence and disaster.

As well as a pathway to citizenship for farmworkers who put food on our tables.

Immigrants have done so much for America during the pandemic – as they have throughout our history.

The country supports immigration reform.

And if we are to truly restore the soul of America – we need to protect the sacred right to vote.

More people voted in the last presidential election than ever before

in our history – in the middle of one of the worst pandemics ever.

That should be celebrated. Instead it’s being attacked.

Republicans in key states like Georgia, Florida and Arizona are passing bills to do things like limit mail-in voting, curb some early voting and make the process more cumbersome in response to Trump’s false claims of widespread election fraud in 2020. They argue it will make things more secure. Democrats argue these state laws are roadblocks intended to drive down turnout. Read more here.

Congress should pass H.R. 1 and the John Lewis Voting Rights Act and send them to my desk right away.

As we gather here tonight, the images of a violent mob assaulting this Capitol—desecrating our democracy—remain vivid in our minds.

Lives were put at risk. Lives were lost. Extraordinary courage was summoned.

The insurrection was an existential crisis—a test of whether our democracy could survive.

Again, Biden only obliquely mentioned Trump here.

But the struggle is far from over. The question of whether our democracy will long endure is both ancient and urgent.

As old as our Republic. Still vital today.

Can our democracy deliver on its promise that all of us – created equal in the image of God – have a chance to lead lives of dignity, respect, and possibility?

Can our democracy deliver on the most pressing needs of our people?

Can our democracy overcome the lies, anger, hate and fears that have pulled us apart?

America’s adversaries – the autocrats of the world – are betting it can’t.

Biden positioned the US as the leader of the free world vs. a rising tide of autocrats. He seems to be talking about Russia here, but he could also be talking about China.

They believe we are too full of anger and division and rage.

They look at the images of the mob that assaulted this Capitol as proof that the sun is setting on American democracy.

They are wrong. And we have to prove them wrong.

We have to prove democracy still works.

That our government still works – and can deliver for the people.

These two ideas are the lodestars of Biden’s presidency.

In our first 100 Days together, we have acted to restore the people’s faith in our democracy to deliver.

We’re vaccinating the nation. We’re creating hundreds of thousands of jobs. We’re delivering real results people can see and feel in their own lives.

Opening the doors of opportunity. Guaranteeing fairness and justice.

That’s the essence of America.

That’s democracy in action.

Our Constitution opens with the words, “We the People”.

It’s time we remembered that We the People are the government. You and I.

Not some force in a distant capital. Not some powerful force we have no control over.

It’s us. It’s “We the people.”

In another era when our democracy was tested, Franklin Roosevelt reminded us—In America: we do our part.

That’s all I’m asking. That we all do our part.

And if we do, then we will meet the central challenge of the age by proving that democracy is durable and strong.

The autocrats will not win the future.

The future will belong to America.

I stand here tonight before you in a new and vital hour in the life of our democracy and our nation.

And I can say with absolute confidence: I have never been more confident or more optimistic about America.

We have stared into an abyss of insurrection and autocracy — of pandemic and pain — and “We the People” did not flinch.

This is quite a sentence. It lumps Trump and Covid together and congratulates the country for getting through it all.

At the very moment our adversaries were certain we would pull apart and fail.

With light and hope, we summoned new strength and new resolve.

To position us to win the competition for the 21st Century.

On our way forward to a Union more perfect. More prosperous. More just.

As one people. One nation. One America.

It’s never been a good bet to bet against America.

We are the United States of America.

There is nothing – nothing – beyond our capacity – nothing we can’t do – if we do it together.

May God protect our troops.

This is a unique ending. Usually the last line is some version of “May God Bless the United States of America.”



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