Additionally, Colorado, Florida, Montana, North Carolina and Oregon would gain a seat in Congress.
California, Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia will all lose congressional seats before the 2022 midterm election.
The results – which suggest that political power in the country is shifting from states in the Midwest and Northeast to the South and West – will have a broad impact on many aspects of American life, ranging from how each state’s representation in Congress amounts to each state’s federal government Will be found. This number could change the political makeup of the Congress and establish the possibility of controversial redistricting in the coming months.
And the numbers indicate which states are growing in both population and power. With Colorado, Florida, North Carolina and Texas all seats – and thus, the electoral vote – their political dominance will increase over the next decade, largely at the expense of states like Pennsylvania, Ohio and Michigan.
The new numbers represented a decrease in population growth rate compared to growth between 2000 and 2010. This was only slightly higher than the growth rate seen during the 1930s.
Census officials said they were “very confident in the quality of the data” they collected.
Acting Director Ron Jarmine said, “While none of the census is correct, we believe the results of today’s census meet our high data quality standards. We will not release them to you otherwise.”
Commerce Secretary Gina Raymondo also expressed confidence in the results.
“2020 brings unprecedented challenges – a global pandemic, devastating wildfires, which are the most active hurricane season on record and civil unrest across the country. With all of this, the Census Bureau must take its actions to meet these challenges.” Had to adapt quickly. ”He said Monday.
There were some expectations from census experts. Some believed Texas would get a total of three seats, not two, while others believed that states such as Arizona, which did not gain a single seat, would add a House District. According to the Census Bureau, experts also expected Minnesota and Rhode Island to lose one seat.
Although some figures were remarkably close. Census Bureau officials said that if they had counted 89 more people in New York during the census and all other state populations had remained the same, New York State would not have lost a district.
More detailed figures will also be released in the coming months that will help states draw the boundaries of their congressional districts. The agency has said that the redistribution count is expected to be released by the end of September.
Although the census will publish the resident census for Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia, they are not included in the overall population because they do not have voting seats in the House.
Delayed data in both the coronavirus epidemic and controversial legal quarrels over how President Donald Trump’s administration handled the process have taken a long time to be released.
Former Attorney General Eric Holder reacted to the announcement, saying that with the release of the number, “each state now needs to prepare for a fair and transparent redistricting process that includes input from the public.”
Holder, the head of the National Democratic Reclamation Committee, a democratic group aimed at combating the yoke, said: “Make no mistake – the same Republican state legislators who are moving forward on hundreds of anti-voter bills at the state level. The obvious is That they intend to manipulate the redistricting process to lock in their power. “
In the majority of states, the maps are redrawn and accepted by state legislatures, giving the state governor several rights to approve or reject new states. Only a few states depend on relatively independent commissions to determine new maps. Because Republicans have been more successful in winning state legislatures in recent years, the party has total control over this process in several major states, such as Texas and Florida.
If Republicans in the suburbs around the country’s largest cities are cutting into an increasingly diverse population – more enthusiastically connecting them with Republican voters in rural areas and regions – the party will open itself up to claims of racial cowardice. Democrats are ready to fight any effort.
National Democratic Redistricting Committee Chairman Kelly Ward Burton said, “The presumption that Republicans should get all those new seats is because they control the process.” And that is illegal. “
The question for those party officials in charge of the redistricting process will be whether these shifts are either treated as weathering or indicative of more permanent changes.
“For those who did this stuff a decade ago, if they knew Donald Trump was going to come in 2016 and move American voters, there would be at least a few dozen seats across the country that would Would have been drawn differently than that., ”Said Adam Kincaid, head of the National Republican Redistricting Trust. “And the challenge for the next few years is trying to estimate how permanent versus temporary this realization is.”