Italy Says Goodbye To The Far Right
LONDON – It had 88 days of talks and one of the most controversial elections in Italy’s history, but on May 31, 2018, the country emerged with a radical far-reaching government that sent shocking messages around the world and put it on a path of confrontation Given. rest of Europe.
The populist government was seen as the worst outcome for the European Union, threatening to deport 500,000 migrants, pulling out of Europe’s single currency and bringing Italy closer to Russia, Leading to fear This marked the beginning of the end for the then 28-country block.
“One way ticket for good people to come to Italy and doors for commuters in Italy and think they will be taken care of,” Deputy Prime Minister Mateo Salvini said within hours of assuming office. “Sending them home will be one of our top priorities.”
If his point was not clear enough, Salvini, who previously blamed criminals and migrants for bringing the disease to Italy, Tweeted Video depicting an immigrant robbing a pigeon. “Go home!!!” He has written
Now, almost three years later when Salvini’s League-Five Star coalition took power, Europe is reeling from another crisis and Italy is still forming another government, its 68th after WWII. However, this time, both the mood of the Italian people and the state of Salvini have changed dramatically.
“On the issue of immigration, we will propose to adopt European law,” Salvini said this week“Far cry from the angry call for him”Closed port and zero landing.“” It is good for us that immigration to Italy is treated in France and Germany with the same rules. “
But it is Mario Dreggi’s support for the post of Prime Minister of Salvini, Italy, and the man who raised over 200 billion euros ($ 240 billion) in EU funds to help relieve the country’s pandemic economy Accused of spending, which is the most striking.
Not only did Salvini campaign to leave the European single currency for Italy, Puli is credited as a savings head of the European Central BankThe leader of the League party accused him of dubbing Italy as an economic “massacre”.
A senior league source told Reuters, “To erase its name in Europe, the union wants to join Dragahi to join Dragahi.”
Drew He is likely to present the list of ministers on Friday and unveil his policy schedule next week in Parliament.
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The once thoughtless alliance between the far-flung League and the anti-establishment Five Star parties, which helped elevate Salvini from a regional council member to an international strongman, had actually been going on for years.
Anger over EU-backed austerity measures and fears over immigration after the 2008 financial crisis led to the rejection of the country’s once powerful establishment parties. Promising the poor a guaranteed income, pension reform and the return of migrant boats, the League-Five Star Coalition filled the void.
Dubbed “The most feared man in Europe,” Salvini soon became one of the world’s most powerful and divisive politicians, including fellow populist leaders including Donald Trump and Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro.
Closer to home, Europe was mired in a wave of populism as elections across the continent in 2018 confirmed the growing popularity of far-right leaders, who were forming governments in their own or coalition decades later by nomadic leaders.
After turning the league from a troubled regional party to Italy’s most popular, which garnered 34% of the vote in the European Parliament elections in 2019, Salvini left the government, hoping it would trigger an election and lead him to Prime Minister Will install as
This proved to be a terrible misscall. The center-left Democratic Party unexpectedly turned the league into government and put Salvini in opposition, where his approval ratings plummeted.
In an ironic twist, Salvini’s 2021 political resurgence has not only changed Italy’s political landscape, but has divided the continent’s eurosceptic and populist parties, including Marine Le Pen’s National Rally in France and Alternatives to Germanland Huh.
“The Sulfini conversion is a watershed in Italy and Europe,” said Gianni del Vecchio, editor-in-chief of HuffPost Italy. “It accomplishes the task of normalizing populist parties: Italy’s Five Star Party became a pro-European and Atlantic party in 2019. Now it’s the league’s turn.”
The League’s far-flung allies in the European Parliament are furious at a government led by Salvini, who is expected to work on an economic reform plan hoping to use EU funds on the proposal Huh.
“It’s a joke, but a very bad one that the Germans … won’t be able to laugh at,” said Georg Methane, co-leader of the far-right alternative to Deutschland, arguing that Berlin would be far ahead . Of the bill.
In response, league politicians revived the condition that Salvini would soon leave the far-right faction of the European Parliament and join the main center-right parties.
League politicians say this is a calculated move aimed at improving Salvini’s image, boosting his group’s appeal as well as increasing his chances of becoming Prime Minister of the Day, whose poll Ratings have declined.
“We want to be like the Republican Party in the United States. An inclusive party, which covers all positions of the Italian center — rightly, no one is excluded, ”Giulio Centemero, a League MP, told Reuters.
According to polluters, the largest increase by either party – the league has seen an immediate jump in its poll ratings, rising 0.7 points to 24% from the previous week, due to the decision to join the new, broad-based government.
One of the new MPs of the League of Southern Italy, Salian’s “move suggests that the League is a fully mature party and makes it clear that it is the government’s trusted party.”
The room where this happens
Salvini 2.0 may not exhibit the same firebrand nature, but his political instinct is no less sharp, and his conversion from populist poster boy to pro-European cheerleader is one of the most important moments in modern European history.
At stake is 200 billion euros ($ 243 billion) from the European Union, Part of the $ 910 billion hedge fund Designed to revive Italy’s battered economy, the country barely grew two decades before the post-war recession before COVID-19.
Regional governors within Salvini’s party urged their leader to withdraw Draghi’s propaganda to guarantee a share of the bridges, believing it to formulate business-friendly plans to spend EU funds Will do. According to party insiders there was “little opposition” to the policy change.
“The epidemic has shown that polarization policies are not accepted by citizens in the event of victimization. Voters want solutions to their problems, ”said Nicola Pasini, Professor of Political Science at the University of Milan.
While the epidemic has caused Italy’s latest political earthquake, Del Vecchio said tremors could be felt throughout Europe.
“Currently populism is in the minority in Italy,” Del Vecchio said. “In Europe, the same thing can happen. The European Union’s populist group split into three in the last vote of the European Parliament on the recovery plan. The Italian case may therefore be the first sign of crisis among European sovereigns.”
But in a country where governments have had an average lifespan of more than a year since WWII, Roberto D’Alimonet, professor of politics at the University of Louis, Rome, Salvini has said that if the dreggie experiment fails they will Would not hesitate to change.
“This is a strategic option that will be consolidated only when things are good. If things go badly, it’s all over. He will return to the nationalist camp.
HuffPost Italy and Reuters contributed to the reporting.
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