Johnny Pacheco, who popularized salsa music in the US, dies at 85

Johnny Pacheco, who popularized salsa music in the US, dies at 85

The Dominican-born multi-instrumentalist experimented with various Latin American musical styles, though he was particularly enamored with Afro-Cuban styles such as Charanga and Pachang. He was a band producer, producer and label head with a record for talent, and excluded his famous Fania Records stars Celia Cruz And other salsa legends.
Pacheco, a leading musician who helped popularize salsa music in the US, died this week Former record label And his wife, Kyuki Pacheco, confirmed. He was 85.
The artist’s music education began at birth. His father, Rafael, was a bandlader in the Dominican Republic and Pacheco Grew up playing percussion. He developed his musical taste on shortwave radio, listening to broadcasts from Cuba and learning “son Cubano,” or “Cuban Sound,” the country’s signature style that informs other Latin American music genres.

When he and his family moved to the Bronx to escape the oppressive rule of dictator Rafael Trujillo in the 1940s, he picked up more instruments, including his father’s primary instrument, the Accordion, violin, flute, saxophone, and clarinet.

Johnny Pacheco performs in Paradiso in 1988.
Pacheco went to attend Juilliard School, where he studied percussion. The breadth of his musical talent earned him guest pigs with several Latin bands in the city until he led his orchestra in the early 60s. He called the group Pacheco y su Charanga, named for the Cuban ensemble, or “Charanga,” which is played in the “dionjon”, another Cuban style European classical music inspired.
In 1962, Pacheco hired an Italian-American former New York police officer, Jerry Masucci, to handle his divorce, according to the divorce. Board. In Musussi, a fan of the Afro-Cuban sound Pacheco helped to become popular in New York, he found a worthy collaborator. In 1963, the two established a record label, which would go on to change the fact of Latin music in America – Fania Records.

His label produced Salsa stars

Accordingly, the rise of Fania began modestly, with Musucci and Pacheco selling albums in Spanish Harlem from their cars. Oral History of Fania Records in Billboard 2014. He gained talent that made up for his New York twist on Cuban and Puerto Rican genres such as Meru and Mambo, and by the late ’60s, he created a supergroup called Phenia All-Stars.

Their specialty? A unique blend of Latino musical styles, mostly up-tempo, marked by strong percussion and a musical ensemble that could steal the show from the singer.

The public called it “Salsa”.

“At first we didn’t think we were anything special, until we went everywhere, the lines were incredible,” Pacheco told NPR in 2006. They tried to rip the shirt off our back. It reminded me of the Beatles. “
Johnny Pacheco performed in 1994 with Fania All-Stars such as Roberto Reina, Larry Harlow and Ismail Quintana.

The lineup of Fania All-Stars has changed over time, though its best known members include Cruz, the beloved Puerto Rican salsa singer Hector Lavo, and jazz pioneer Ray Barreto. But Pacheco was its constant. He played on the records with the label’s talent, produced his albums and worked as his band in live concerts.

“I wanted a company that treats everyone like a family, and it came true,” Pacheco told the Pennsylvania paper morning Call in 2003. “It was my dream.”

And at the same time all of Pacheco’s stars were going mainstream, establishing a new identity in Puerto Rican, Cuban American, and Latin American America. Political science professor Jose Cruz told NPR in 2006 that Fania’s music inspired many Afro Cubans and Puerto Ricans to become politically involved.

Perhaps the best evidence of Salsa’s influence occurred in August 1973, when the Fania All-Stars performed to a crowd of over 44,000 at Yankee Stadium. Attendees waved Puerto Rican flags throughout the stadium and at one point stormed the arena during a particularly queer duel between Barretto and Cuban percussionist Mongo Santamaria.

“Johnny Pacheco started screaming and told people not to enter the arena,” Ray Colazo, a Puerto Rican DJ who attended the historic concert, 2008 interview with ESPN. “But the more he said this, the more people jumped into it.”

The concert ended early after the arena-storm but was recalled with a live album and a documentary.

End of Fania Records

Salsa was eventually eclipsed by Fania’s success, which was eclipsed by other burial styles, and it stopped recording in 1979. But its success indicated a change in the American music scene, which pushed it into a more international direction.

In 1999, Pacheco and Fania returned to the All-Stars stage, this time at Madison Square Garden. That time, new York Times His style is described as “city music: sharp, crisp, and invincible,” which is stopped by banging brass and bongos.
Was pacheco Awarded for his musical achievements In the ’90s, the Dominican Republic President’s Medal and the National Academy of Arts and Sciences Governor’s Award, both in 1996. He was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame in 1998.
Johnny Pacheco sings with Victor Manuel at the 22nd ASCAP Latin Music Awards in 2014.

He continued to tour with an orchestra in the early Augets, playing many of the same songs he wrote for his Fania artists. “Excitement” powered his performance, he said.

Despite his broken relationship with Fania co-founder Masuki and an early exit from the label, he told Billboard that he was still “very proud” of that work.

“I put together a group that was incredible,” he told Billboard in 2014. “It’s been 50 years, and we’re still like a family.”

His Fenia family missed him Facebook, Praised Pacheco for his contribution to salsa.

The record label wrote, “He was much more than a musician, band producer, writer, arranger and producer; he was a visionary.” “His music will live for eternity, and we are forever grateful to be a part of his amazing journey.”




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