‘Judas and the Black Messiah’: What to Know About the HBO Max Film

‘Judas and the Black Messiah’: What to Know About the HBO Max Film

For black Americans in the 1960s who were targeted and tortured by police, 21-year-old Fred Hampton was a strong man.

To the FBI and its director, J. Edgar hooverHampton, the president of the Illinois Black Panther Party, was a radical threat.

Hampton was killed by Chicago police officers during a raid on his West Side apartment on the morning of December 4, 1969, a block south of the Chicago headquarters of the Black Panther Party. Ambush, and the months of FBI surveillance and the Panthers before it, are dramatized in Shaka King’s film “Judah and the Black Messiah, ”Which starts streaming on HBO Max from Friday.

At the time of Hampton’s death, Chicago was the site of political protest and violent conflict with law enforcement. The infamous Chicago 7 lawsuit, a court battle involving seven Vietnam War protesters, accused him of plotting to incite riots during the 1968 Democratic National Convention (a saga in Aaron Sorkin’s recent film)Chicago 7 test”), Had been in operation for over two months.

King, who co-wrote the script with Will Burson, was genuinely attracted to most people while moving audiences inside the Black Panther Party leading up to Hampton’s death, though he took some dramatic liberties . For example, the film’s star, Daniel Kaluia, is a decade older than the 21-year-old Hampton when he was killed.

Here is a guide to real-life people, groups and events that are in “Judas and the Black Messiah”. Be careful, when speaking of history, such a thing is possible to spoil.

The Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 in Oakland, California. Black college students, Bobby Seeley and Huy P. A pair of Newtons had opposed police brutality and racism in local neighborhoods. The Panthers, known for their military-style black berets, leather jackets, and raised salutes, believed in removing abusive officers from communities in essential ways, including armed resistance.

The FBI saw the Panthers as a radical group capable of accelerating a militant black nationalist movement. (Hoover, the first director of the bureau, called the Black Panther Party “The biggest threat to the internal security of the country“”. But the Panthers also initiated a number of social initiatives: members ran medical clinics, arranged free transportation for prisoners’ family members to the jails, and Started Free Breakfast Program That fed thousands of school children.

The charismatic community organizer enjoyed a meteoric rise that took him from campaigning for an integrated community pool and recreation center in his hometown of Maywood, Ill., To teaching thousands as president of the Illinois Black Panther Party.

In 1969, a few months after the party helped find the Illinois chapter, the 20-year-old Hampton brokered a coalition called the Rainbow Coalition, which united the Black Panthers, the Young Patriots (Southern White Left) and the Young Lords. A Puerto Rican civil and human rights organization in an effort to combat poverty and racism in their Chicago communities).

Hampton’s rapid ascent through the ranks of the Black Panther Party landed him in the cross hairs of a secret FBI counter-notification program known as CoinPro, which Hoover “expose, disrupt, misquote the activities of nationalism.” Created to expose, discredit or otherwise neutralize “—Type organizations Target has Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Ku Klux Klan were both involved. Hoover announced in an internal memorandum that he sought to prevent the rise of “a ‘messiah’ who could unify and electrify the militant black nationalist movement.”

Under Cointelpro, the FBI made a number of efforts to remove discord within the Black Panther Party at the national and local levels, including Send fake letters to its two leaders, Aldridge Cleaver and Huy P. Newton, who claimed that each sought to overthrow the other. Authorities also arrested Hampton and several other Panthers in an attempt to publicly discredit the group. In the months before the raid on Hampton’s apartment, the Panthers and police also faced two gun battles: one at the party’s West Side headquarters in July 1969 in which five police officers and three Panthers were injured, and one on the South Side. The battle that November two officers and a panther died.

O’Neill (Lakith Stanfield) already had a criminal record at the age of 17 after stealing a car in 1966, when FBI agent Roy Mitchell (Jesse Plemons) tracked him down. But O’Neill soon took on a new role: FBI informant. Given the choice between facing felony charges or agreeing to infiltrate the Panthers, he opted for the latter: As a security captain in the Illinois Black Panther Party, he infiltrated Hampton’s inner circle.

In 1969, O’Neill sketched a floor plan of Hampton’s West Side apartment that everyone slept in, which the FBI then shared with the Chicago Police Department, the agency that conducted the deadly raid. But unlike the character of “Judas and the Black Messiah”, the real O’Neill did not see his actions as a betrayal of the Hamptons or the Panthers. “I had no allegiance to the Panthers,” he said Missed an interview PBS for docuseries “eyes on the prize,“Which extended the history of the civil rights movement in the United States.

Fourteen Chicago police officers showed up before dawn on December 4, 1969, to Edward V., a Cook County state attorney. Was working on Hanrahan’s orders. Over the course of 10 minutes, more than 80 shots were fired. When the smoke cleared, the 21-year-old, and another party leader, Mark Clarke, 22, were dead, and four other Panthers and two police officers were injured.

At first, police claimed that they killed Hampton in self-defense after people opened fire at the apartment as they tried to execute a search warrant for illegal weapons. But ballistics experts have determined Only one of the pills Perhaps the occupant belonging to the apartment was discharged from the weapon. A federal grand jury investigation also revealed that a “bullet hole” in the front door of the apartment, which officials cited as evidence that the Panthers fired at them, Were actually nail holes made by the police.

Although the Chicago Police Department led the raid, the grand jury concluded that it was coordinated by the FBI as part of Hoover’s mission to cripple the Black Panther Party – and an FBI memo later revealed that The bureau authorized O to make a bonus payment. ‘Indigo.

The first federal grand jury denied anyone involved in the raid, and although a subsequent grand jury indicted Hanrahan and police officers for participating in the shootings, all charges were dismissed. In 1982, without admitting any wrongdoing, the federal government, the City of Chicago and Cook County agreed to pay $ 1.85 million to the families of Hampton and Clark to survive the raid.

Clarence M., who succeeded Hoover as head of the FBI in 1973. Kelly issued a public apology three years later, offering a public apology for the bureau’s abuse of power in the “twilight” of Hoover’s career. “Some of those activities Were clearly inaccurate and quite uncertain, ”Kelly said. “We most certainly should never allow them to be repeated.”



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