Perseverance rover has successfully landed on Mars
The rover sent back its first images of the landing site shortly after landing.
The rover has been traveling nearly 300 million miles since it left Earth 6 months ago.
Humanity has a love affair with a planet full of surprises about the possibility of life on this mysterious neighboring planet. This historical mission can search for evidence that can give us the answer.
Perseverance is already full. Search for signs of ancient life on Mars. The first helicopter takes off on another planet. First recording of sound on the red planet.
NASA’s most sophisticated rover so far has a packed agenda for the next few years.
The rover will locate the Jezero crater, the site of an ancient lake that existed 3.9 billion years ago, and discover microfossils in the rocks and soil there. Follow-up missions will return samples to this site collected by Perseverance on Earth by 2030.
For the first time on a firm ride with perseverance, there is an experiment to fly a helicopter called Ingenuity.
Landing on Mars: ‘7 minutes of terror’
Fortitude is NASA’s ninth landing on Mars and the agency’s fifth rover. To descend, it had to undergo the infamous “Seven Minutes of Terror”.
The one-way time for radio signals to travel from Earth to Mars is approximately 11 minutes, meaning that it takes seven minutes for a spacecraft to land on Mars without the aid or intervention of NASA teams on Earth is.
This rover is the heaviest NASA has ever attempted weighing more than a metric ton.
The spacecraft hit the top of the Martian atmosphere moving at 12,000 mph and had to go down to 1.7 mph seven minutes later, when the rover landed on a soft surface.
The spacecraft’s heat shield endured peak heating of 2,370 degrees Fahrenheit.
Perseverance targeted an ancient lake bed and river delta 28 miles wide, the most challenging site yet for NASA’s spacecraft on Mars. Instead of being flat and smooth, the small landing site is lined with sand dunes, steep cliffs, rocks and small pits. There are two upgrades to the spacecraft to navigate this difficult and dangerous site, called the Range Trigger and Terrain-Relative Navigation.
The range trigger revealed a 70.5-foot-wide parachute that was based on the position of the spacecraft 240 seconds after it entered the atmosphere. The heat shield broke apart after the parachute was deployed.
The Terrain-Relative Navigation of the Rover works like a second mind, which uses cameras to take pictures of the ground as it approaches rapidly and determines the safest place on the ground. According to NASA, it can move the landing site up to 2,000 feet.
The rear shell and parachute split after the heat shield was removed. The Mars landing engine, consisting of eight retrocards, was fired to slow the descent down to 1.7 mph – or the average walking speed of a human.
Then, the famous sky crane maneuver of the Curiosity Rover took place. Nylon cords landed the Rover 25 feet below the descent stage. After the rover touched down on the martian surface, the cords broke apart and the descent phase flew off and landed at a safe distance.
NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter relayed the rover’s data during landing.
Any image orbiting Mars can be taken back to Earth by a rover or orbiters.
According to NASA, the agency’s Odyssey Orbiter will fly to the landing site to confirm his health and confirm with the rover at 7:27 pm ET. Then, the Exomars Trace Gas Orbiter of the European Space Agency will also conduct a check-in with persistence and return any images and data to Earth at 9:36 pm ET.
Mission: What will the rover do
Now that the rover has landed, Persons’ two-year mission will begin. First, it will go through a “checkout” period.
Fortitude will capture images of his surroundings and send them back, revealing his “head” and taking more photos while undergoing some health checks with engineers.
Teams on Earth will undergo a month of inspections, software downloads and rozing preparations.
The helicopter’s team will make sure that Ingenuity is safe, healthy and ready to fly, according to Thomas Zurbuchen, Associate Administrator of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate.
In a process that lasts for about 10 days, the rover will drop the helicopter on the surface of Mars and move away from it. The small 4-pound helicopter will have to survive frictionless nights on Mars, keep itself warm and charge itself using solar panels. Then, it will be ready for its first flight, which will last about 20 seconds.
Ingenuity’s project manager, MiMi Aung said, “The ingenuity team will be on the edge of our seats with the tenacity team on landing day.” “We cannot wait until both the rover and the helicopter are safely on the surface of Mars and ready for action.”
Perseverance will search for evidence of ancient life and study the climate and geology of Mars and collect specimens that will eventually return to Earth by the 20th century.
Project scientist for Mars, Ken Farley said in a statement, “Perseverance’s sophisticated science tools will not only help hunt for fossil microbial life, but expand our knowledge of Martian geology and its past, present and future do.”
Farley said the route persistence would be about 15 miles long, an “epic journey” that would take years. What scientists can discover about Mars, however, is well worth the trip. To meet its goals, the Perseverance will drive slightly below 0.1 mph, which is three times faster than previous Rovers.
Perseverance also carries devices that may help further exploration on Mars in the future, such as MOXIE, the Mars Oxygen In-situ Resource Utilization Experiment. This experiment, about the size of a car’s battery, will attempt to convert Martian carbon dioxide into oxygen.
Not only can this help NASA scientists build rocket fuel on Mars, but also the oxygen that can be used during future human exploration of the red planet.