Was Stonehenge a ‘Secondhand’ Monument?
Fans of the 1984 heavy metal documentary “This Is Spinal Tap” will recall the scene in which the band replaces Stonehenge on the stage set, Neolithic ruins in Wilshire, England. Alas, a carefree set of measurements the musicians play with a model who stands 18 inches high rather than 18 feet high, appears on a failure tour and is allegedly promoted by dancing dwarves, leading to This prop gets bigger.
Thirty-seven years later, it is revealed that the film’s boulder gag contains a pebble of historical truth. On Friday, a team of archaeologists reported Magazine in antiquity That he had unearthed a stone enclosure in Pembrokshire, Wales, which he believes to have been fragmented, covered 175 miles across the Salisbury Plain and reassembled as Stonehenge.
Mike Parker Pearson, a professor at University College London who led the study, said the stones could have been carried as part of a larger movement of people from the area. “Stonehenge is a second-hand monument,” he said sardonically. The study will be shown in a BBC documentary, “Stonehenge: The Lost Circle Revealed, “Will be broadcast in the UK on Friday evening.
The Stonehenge was built in stages from about 3,000 to 1,500 BCE, beginning with a circular moat and a bank with 56 aubre holes, a ring of chalk pits surrounded by a stone enclosure. . Dr. A pit excavation in 2008 led by Parker Pearson revealed that it held an upright tint of blue stone, hence its name due to the blue-brown color. The outer ring of these igneous steep stones, about nine feet high, formed centuries ago from large sandstone slabs, known as sarsens, believed to have originated from the West Woods 15 miles off the southern edge of the Marlborough Ascension Had happened.
Geologist Herbert Thomas established in 1923 that the dolerite used to construct the Stonehenge came from an outbreak in Presley Hills, West Wales. In 2011, Drs. Parker Pearson’s team discovered two megalithic quarries in that area and began searching nearby for ritual structures that probably supplied bluestone and blueprints. Although many circular monuments were surveyed and excavated, none were found to belong to the Neolithic period. In an interview, Drs. Parker Pearson said his investigators had a “terrible time” trying to find evidence for a proto-Stonehenge.
When they return to a site called von Mowen, the researchers were about to give up, where a handful of topless bluestones were placed in an arc. Dr. Parker Pearson said, “This arrangement was first recorded over a century ago.” “The theory that it may have been a cycle was largely rejected or simply ignored by early archaeologists.”
In 2011, their own magnetometer and earth-resistance surveys failed to detect any geophysical anomalies that may provide evidence of a circle or monument. “We concluded that since the devices don’t show us anything, there can be nothing there,” Dr. Parker Pearson recalled. “A grave mistake.”
During the summer of 2017, archaeologists dug trenches at both ends of the arch of the serving stones and discovered two holes, each of which once contained stones. When further surveys, ground-penetrating radar and electromagnetic induction using Earth’s resistance were reduced to zero, the team attempted a last-ditch beyond the arc and uncovered four distinct socket-shaped pits, where Unbroken monoliths were removed from.
Stepping out of the position of empty sockets and fallen bluestones, the researchers crossed a circle approximately 360 feet – the same diameter as the earthen ditch that originally surrounded Stonehenge. Dr. Parker Pearson, along with Boys Glee, said that von Mowen and Stonehenge are the only two Neolithic monuments in Britain that fit those specialties. To appease them, the entrance of the two circles was added towards the medieval solstice sunrise.
The team was able to determine when sediment was exposed to light inside the socket hole. The study suggested that Vun Mowan is the oldest stone circle in Britain, dating back to around 3,400 BCE, and that the circle was dismantled shortly before Stonehenge was built in 3,000 BCE.
Dr. Parker Pearson stated that the six ghost holes and the four surviving standing stones were part of a broader circle of 30 to 50 columns, although at Stonehenge it spread more hatred than the early bluestone group. Those four stones are about the same size and dimensions as the 43 bluestones that are built on Stonehenge, and three of them have the same exact rock type. One of the Stonehenge bluestones has an unusual cross-section whose pentagonal shape corresponds to one of von Monn’s intervals.
“It could have been in that hole,” Dr. Parker Pearson said. “The evidence is not clear, but it is actually quite suggestive.”
Asked why the Von Mowan stones were moved to Salisbury, he removed his colleague, an Madagascar archaeologist named Ramilicina, who developed a new interpretation of the ritual landscape around Stonehenge: the use of the Meghalis as ancestors. To represent and more or less represent their ancestors. Memories that live for eternity.
“The disintegration of von Mowen and the rise of Stonehenge may be part of a larger migration to a spindle mundi, where the earth and sky are in harmony,” Dr. Parker Pearson said. These ancient people, he surmised, “may have carried their monuments with them as a sign of their ancestral identity, which required them to root themselves in New Jerusalem.”
How was the Megalith transported from South Wales to Salisbury? Dr. Parker Pearson once doubted the popular theory that they came from the sea. “Our work has really spoken a little bit,” he said. “The major sources of bluestone are mines on the northern slopes of the mountains, and it does not seem likely that they would have been brought to the steep northern end before being carried on the southern slopes of the valley.”
He favors a land route, over which massive stones, each weighing up to four tons, can be stopped by more than 400 people with sticks and wooden sleds. “It would have been like going to the moon,” he said, “but equivalent to the Neolithic.”
Megan Speia Contributed to reporting.